Who is going to be the world’s next future superpower? Well, China. This is the answer that everyone gives, even a child. After all their toys are made there. Over the past years China has progressed immensely in every aspect. Whether being the world’s fastest growing economy or advancing in technology, it is the unchallenged future supremacy. So, why did it take 36 years to drop the hugely controversial one-child policy?
Words: Izza Hina, Subeditor: Mariya Savova
Even though this seems like a huge step for the Chinese Government to stop themselves from interfering in couples’ family planning, there are still many divisive issues that need to be addressed sooner than the next 36 years.
Black Children, this is the term given to those who were forcefully born by mothers refusing to abort and are living identity less lives in China. In the Government’s record these children were never born. They will live unspoken life and likewise an unspoken death. According to the 2010 census data there are 13 million children who were born out of the violation of one child policy. That is more than some of the population of a few countries. Unlike their legally born sibling, they have no rights. If they are not issued a hukou—an identifying document – they cannot get a job, go to school, get married or even travel on a train. The question is will China ever address these children?
These ‘black children’ are as much Chinese as their president Xi Jinping but the discrimination has been going on for as long as the Great Wall of China. Even though they are breathing the same air as the so-called legally born, there is no proof of their existence.
Although there are organisations such as Chinese Human Rights Defenders (CHRD), who give logistical support to such families, their voices too often go unheard. What becomes of these unfortunate children? So far the Chinese Government has even failed to acknowledge that such a problem exists. Finding a solution is perhaps out of the question.
Xi Jinping also has a dream. He said: “For Chinese people both at home and abroad, a united Chinese nation is our shared root, the profound Chinese culture is our shared soul, and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is our shared dream… One can do well only when one’s country and nation do well”. And how well indeed they would do if they included the 13 million plus unidentified children of their nation. If they were also allowed to work and contribute to the society, only than China can flourish in every true sense.